Vertigo is a condition where a patient finds it difficult to maintain balance due to dizziness. Its symptoms include loss of balance, vomiting, hearing loss, fullness in the ear, tinnitus, etc. Physical therapists at Performance Rehabilitation have determined that for either case of vertigo; Peripheral or Central, the causes of the condition include:
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
- Head injury
- Vestibular neuronitis
- Multiple sclerosis
- Acoustic neuroma
- A brain tumour in the cerebellum
The above symptoms are associated with sensations of extreme pain in the ear or the front or one side of the head. Physical therapists in Apopka, FL, established that effective treatment of vertigo involves undertaking physical therapy at Performance Rehabilitation. Treatment exercises are such as:
- Habituation exercises
This is gradually increasing exposure of the patient to light dizzy spells thus building a tolerance to vertigo stimulus (patients movement or by visual stimuli). This is used on patients with complications on the vestibular system.
- Gaze stabilization exercise
Here, the patient focuses their eyes on a fixed object before them as they move their head from side to side or the patient follows an object with their eyes while keeping their head in a fixed position.
- Balancing exercise
The stimulus (tasks involving walking or standing) triggering the condition determines the required exercise.
Successful treatment involves the continued implementation of the above therapeutic practices with the guidance of a physiotherapist.
Prevention measures as recommended by a physical therapist in Apopka, FL are
- Suppress vertigo involve the patient avoiding high-stress situations that ultimately lead to anxiety.
- Symptoms of nausea and spinning can also be eased by the patient lying quietly still in a dark/dim lit room or taking medication if symptoms persist.